Terms used in contemporary art


Post internet art

The term Post-internet art derived from conversations between Artie Vierkant, Gene McHugh, and Marisa Olson on Internet Art. It stand for an idea in criticism and art that indicates to  a civilization succeeding the widespread adoption of the internet, however the movement has not been defined comprehensively. It is commonly characterized as art that deals with the Internet’s influence on aesthetics, society and culture. Some criticize the ambiguity of “post-” and claim that it implies that it is a art made after the internet has ceased to exist. Some believe Cory Arcangel and Guthrie Lonergan to be more accurate for calling it a term for being “internet aware”.

Some artists associated with this term:

  • Petra Cortright
  • Constant Dullaart
  • Camille Henrot
  • Olia Lialina
  • Rachel Maclean
  • Katja Novitskova
  • Marisa Olson
  • Jon Rafman
  • Ryan Trecartin
  • Amalia Ulman
  • Addie Wagenknecht


Figurative narrative art

Art that tells a story and retains strong references to the real world. Although this form of art is not new, some of the earliest evidence of human art, it is now very relevant again. Still images in do not automatically lend themselves to telling stories. Different artists have developed distinctive ways to produce their narrative art while there are some common features to all narrative art. Some artists use text in there work others make sequential work or make in series others will capture a narrative in a single image. Some work tells a very clear story other artists might leave it to the viewer to come-up with their own.

Some artists associated with this term:

  • Jake & Dinos Chapman
  • Marlene Duma
  • Marcel Dzama
  • Andrew Gilbert
  • Hayv Kahraman
  • Sanam Khatibi
  • Grayson Perry
  • Neo Rauch
  • Daniel Richter
  • Kara Walker
  • Jérôme Zonder

Ron Mueck . Dead Dad . 1996—1997 (3).jpg


Not to be confused with “hypernormalisation” the term taken from the book Everything was Forever, Until it was No More by Alexei Yurchak. The term is used for “falseness” being accepted as real.

Hyperreality is seen as a condition in which fiction and reality are blended seamlessly together so that there is no apparent discrimination between and the other. People might indeed be more involved or in tune with the hyper real world and less with the physical real world. The French sociologist, philosopher and cultural theorists Jean Baudrillard is most closely tied with the idea hyperreality which has been shaped through post-structuralism and early post modernism. Hyperrealism is a genre of painting and sculpture that can be considered as an elevation of Photo-realism. The term is primarily applied to an independent art movement and art style in the United States and Europe that has developed since the early 1970s.

Some artists associated with this term:

  • Juan Francisco Casas
  • Lu Cong
  • Riusuke Fukahori
  • Duane Hanson
  • Gina Heyer
  • Keng Lye
  • Sharon Moody
  • Ron Mueck
  • Patricia Piccinini
  • Dennis Wojtkiewicz



In 1999 Charles Thomson coined the name “Stuckism” in response to a poem recited to him by Billy Childish. It quotes Tracey Emin allegedly saying Childish was “stuck! stuck! stuck!”. Childish and Thomson then founded the movement and issued several manifestos to oppose to conceptual art and promote figurative painting. Painting is the dominant artistic form other media such as drawing, collage, sculpture, photography and film. The manifesto “Remodernism” is a criticism of postmodernism and ego-art. The aim is to produce art with sublime value disregarding of subject matter, style or medium get back to the authentic character of modernism. The group annually demonstrates against the Turner Prize at Tate Britain and have are opposed to Saatchi-patronised YBA’s.

Some artists associated with this term:

  • Billy Childish
  • Charles Thomson
  • Charles Williams
  • Joe Machine
  • Elsa Dax
  • Guy Denning
  • Odysseus Yakoumakis
  • Alexis Hunter
  • Abby Jackson
  • Naive John
  • Rachel Jordan
  • Jane Kelly
  • Peter McArdle
  • Mandy McCartin
  • Peggy Clydesdale
  • Jeffrey Scott Holland
  • Asim Butt



The definition of post-Fordism varies and is a matter of debate. It derives from  Henry Ford’s way of production known as Fordism which brought on new forms of manufacturing and consumption. The exhaustion of the markets brought on a movement against mass consumption. Production became less homogeneous and standardized and more diverse and differentiated as organizations and economies of scale were replaced with organizations and economies of scope. It resulted in a small but steadily growing group of nonprofit and arts organizations reaping the advantages of a variety of technologies.

Some artists associated with this term:

  • Erick Beltrán
  • Rossella Biscotti
  • Luca Frei
  • Warren Niedich
  • Falke Pisano
  • Société Réaliste
  • Oliver Ressler
  • Vangelis Vlahos
  • Stephen Willats



Meta-art is art about art. It describes other art, it is self-referential, self-conscious or self-parodying. Artists making meta art make work based on their own environment. The work is about their position in the art world. It results in artworks that deal with other artworks, the art world, or individual artists. It self-consciously refer to these previous works. Meta-artists are often doing so to insert themselves into the narrative of art history and add some commentary or self-conscious adjustment or amendment to the art of the past. A more conceptual engagement with the art market will be captured in another gene: The Art Market. The works in this gene take as their subject the art market itself, but do not always make overt visual references. One could see Damien Hirst auction ‘Beautiful Inside My Head Forever’ as an example of this; an performance in itself.

Some artists associated with this term:

  • Charles Avery
  • Jennifer Dalton
  • René Daniëls
  • Awol Erizku
  • Christian Jankowski
  • Daniel Greene
  • Robert C. Jackson
  • Timm Ulrichs
  • Matthew Pillsbury
  • Joshua Schwebel

Of course these terms are not mutually exclusive and artists might be making work that can be assigned to more than one of the above.

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