Frieze Masters 2019

Screenshot 2019-10-05 at 17.32.08Skarstedt Gallery
Booth F1

Works by Georg Baselitz, Eric Fischl, Keith Haring, Steven Parrino, Pablo Picasso, Sigmar Polke, David Salle, Cindy Sherman, Günther Uecker

Screenshot 2019-10-06 at 12.43.25Annely Juda Fine Art
Booth D4

Works by Kasimir Malevich, Julio González, Naum Gabo, Antoine Pevsner, Ben Nicholson, Theo Van Doesburg, Kurt Schwitters & Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart

Screenshot 2019-10-05 at 18.38.57.pngTina Kim Gallery
Booth C12

Works by LeeUfan, Park Seo Bo, Kim Yong Ik,  Kwon Young Woo,  Kim Tschang Yeul,  Lee Seung Jio, Suh Seung Won, Chung Sang Hwa, Ha Chong Hyun, Lucio Fontana, Pierre Jeanneret, Alexander Calder, Chung Chang Sup, and Louise Bourgeois

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Booth E11

works by Harvey Quaytman, John McLaughlin, Anne Truitt, Anne Truitt, Alan Shields, Dorothea Rockburne and Lee Krasner

Screenshot 2019-10-06 at 11.48.28Mazzoleni Art 
Booth E15

Works by Getulio Alviani, Agostino Bonalumi, Alberto Burri, Alexander Calder, Enrico Castellani, Lucio Fontana, Fausto Melotti, Giulio Turcato, Victor Vasarely and Gianfranco Zappettini

 

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All-Women Art shows

It’s commonly observed that if you ask someone to name ten famous female artists, they struggle to do so. Lately, we have seen a significant rise in all-female art exhibitions. Still, there have seen far more all-male shows, but they were not presented as such. Do, however, shows made to support the sisterhood inadvertently risk ghettoizing female artists? Do they relegate women to the second-rate, not good enough to take part in mixed-gender exhibitions? Or are all-women shows are a necessary correction, after centuries of art exhibitions that featured only men? Women weren’t even allowed to make art for a very long time. The feminist art movement sought to change this and to promote women’s art in the 1960s and throughout the 1970s. And in the 8os the Guerrilla Girls tried to change the patriarchy in the art world.

Recently we have seen shows like the Nasty Women Art Show at the Knockdown Center, NSFW: Female Gaze at New York’s Museum of Sex, Champagne Life at the Saatchi gallery, GRAB BACK: PES Feminist Incubator Space at the Project for Empty Space and Feminine Product at THE VOID 3125c gallery Los Angeles.

There are also all-female art fairs like the Other art fair and Women in Art Fair. The EVERY WOMAN BIENNIAL or Whitney Houston Biennial is an all-woman and women-identified art biennial in NY and LA.

Shows like this bring awareness and celebration of women artists. Dr. Annemarie Murland, an Australian artist and academic, decided to curate an exhibition that highlights the lack of representation of women in the Arts. ‘Crack Open the Canon’ is being organized by Mel McMillan, Director of Newcastle ArtSpace, poet and academic, as well as University of Newcastle Associate Professor Trisha Pender and her colleague, Keri Glastonbury.

Annemarie-Murland
Annemarie Murland

There is more than one way to be a feminist, or as Caroline McHugh would say ‘a womanist’, in contemporary society. This analogy and a fierce belief in making ‘good art’ was the shared common thread that brought nineteen women artists together for the Reimagining the Canon exhibition. Shows like this are not devaluing or victimizing the artists but more embracing them. An exhibit of art made by women, rather than as a “female art exhibition.” It is about the work, and equal opportunities not about gender.

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Helen Hopcroft

Dr. Murland says; “I wanted to create an exhibition that foregrounds the issue of gender inequality in visual art.” 51% of visual artists today are female, but only 5% of artwork in major museums is made by women. Just 25-35% of female artists are represented by a gallery. Men working in the arts earn on average $20,000 annually more than women.
“Why are women so often forgotten by art history?” Dr. Murland asks. “And what would the canon of art history look like if it was designed by female artists?”

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Lucy O’Donnell

Women deserve the same treatment as their male contemporaries. The work they make has no more to do with their gender than the work men make has to do theirs.

All women’s collectives like; Girls Only NYC, World Wide Women, Cleopatra’s, Balti Gurls,  m-a-u-s-e-r, Boudry and Lorenz, SALOON, The Bunny Collective, The Coven, Go! Push Pops, Where We At, The Ardorous and Esbat were formed to support and encourage individual artists not to identify the members as a “woman artist.”

Thus we have to be careful that creating these spaces and opportunities for women resulting in exactly the opposite of its intention? Good art and how it is produced, perceived and received within the wider community and an individual approach to making, should provide the benchmark for partaking in an exhibition.

See also: Gender quotas at the Royal Academy

Reimagining the Canon October 23 – 17 November 2019, The University of Newcastle Art Gallery, University Drive, Callaghan NSW 2308 Official opening Saturday 26 October at 4 pm, opening address delivered by Virginia Cuppaidge

 

Art and Humor

Art is supposed to be serious. Right? Wrong, art has always contained fun and jokes. But what is the role of humor in the contemporary art world? The fact is that it pops up everywhere in art today. Humorous art became widespread with Dadaism and the appearance of ready-mades. Thereby irreversibly changing art forever.  These artists tried to disrupt the social conventions of the intellectual, literary and artistic movements during the first world war. Screenshot 2019-08-18 at 17.29.33.pngMarcel Duchamp’s fountain shocked the (art) world by presenting a urinal as a work of art and drawing a mustache and goatee on the Mona Lisa and writing a rude pun underneath it. The Surrealists also used humorous provocation to shake up the art world. Making work of bizarre associations and incongruous combinations of objects. Both Dadaism and Surrealism made use of fun and games in their work. Playful Childish humor as a reaction to the misery of war.

Screenshot 2019-08-18 at 17.48.27.pngMéret Oppenheim’s fur-covered teacup, saucer, and spoon (Object – Le Déjeuner en fourrure / Object – The Luncheon in Fur) challenged themes of femininity. The work made after Pablo Picasso flirted with the 23-year artist in a Paris café. Commenting on the fur bracelet she was wearing. Saying that there were many things he enjoyed that were enhanced when coated in fur.

9_Ai-WeiweiIn contemporary art, satire is used to protest social or political issues. When countries censor criticism, provocation can be a way to express disagreement. World-famous Chinese artist Ai Wei Wei and Yue Minjun have used irony as a device for political criticism. Ai Weiwei made a series of photographs giving the finger to famous (inter)national landmarks.

Screenshot 2019-08-18 at 17.09.32.pngMaurizzio Cattelan did something similar in his, work L.O.V.E. (Libertà, Odio, Vendetta, Eternità /Freedom, Hate, Vengeance, Eternity). A hand with the middle finger standing up the other fingers are not folded but cut off.  It was placed opposite the headquarters of the Italian stock exchange

Artists often are part of institutions they rebuke. Poor artists have to go for meals at the house of a rich collector. They might not have anything in common with the people there and possibly even strongly disagree with them politically.

Humor and art both offer an escape from reality. Playing with the codes of society. Cynicism is used for socio-political criticism. Humor thus is not making light of artIt helps us to live in defiance of the depression around us. Humor works as a defense mechanism against anger, and despair. Comedians and artists have to understand what they are talking about to critique it.

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Sarah Lucas makes provocative works that often use rude visual humor. She plays with gender stereotypes with reference to the human body. From the 1992, ‘Two Fried Eggs and Kebab’, which resembled a naked female torso to stuffed pantyhose sculptures and concrete dicks. She constantly is challenging macho culture with confrontational, crude, vulgar and very honest work about sexuality and identity and taboos.

0000115445Martin Creed’s work might on first encounter appear very serious. His work is ordered and uncomplicated. An empty room with the lights going on and off at five-second intervals, a piece of blue tack stuck to a wall, a crumpled ball of paper or a video of someone being sick. To some people, he seems to embody everything that is preposterous about contemporary art. However, the work is incredibly poetic and he has a great sense of humor.

The British-Polish artist Kasia Fudakowski also uses a lot of humor in her work.
She has done a deliberately bad stand-up gig at an art fair, based on her own situation. The work involved a feminist critique of institutions and the difference between her personal expectations and those of society. Two of her greatest influences are comedian Andy Kaufman and conceptual artist Lee Lozano.

 

Instagram art

Instagram can be an extension of how an artist represents him or her self, but also as an extension of their art practice itself. Instagram seems to have managed to democratize the art world by allowing every artist the same chance of exposure. Artists now have new ways of seeing and creating the kind of content that might be shared. They can check in on how their content is being evaluated straight away. Is it the equivalent for the art world to what Spotify did for music and Netflix for the film industry? Thanks to the platform, artists have gotten book deals with prestigious publishers, solo shows, and made direct sales by DM. They get instant gratification when posting artwork and getting likes.  However, some say this spoils the work; it’s been seen too much. Some artists are also getting ripped off by other artists as well as corporate creatives and big fashion brands. Museums exhibitions are designed to spread well on social media. Instagrammability becomes more important. Successful Instagrammers are invited to take photos of the latest exhibitions to appeal to the younger generation. Some artists will just show their regular work while others make content just for the app. Anonymity can be an attraction for artists to try things they would not do under their own name, but censorship from Instagram can be a hindrance. When naked women’s breasts are involved, the image gets removed or the user blocked. Socio-political issues like body-shaming, racism, homophobia, climate change or species extinction are also tackled on Instagram. I have written about Feminist artists on social media before and I will feature some below again.
Photos of artworks are a big challenge for any Instagrammer, one has to “contextualize” the work. A frontal shot of a painting does not get enough likes. The image must have the “wow effect”.  Put it in relation to its surroundings, architecture or people. So that people can even recognize the dimensions of a work of art. Pictures of people in front of a work with the hashtag #artwatchers. Sometimes people seem to merge with the work because of there clothes or the pose they take. Art can be reduced to just a beautiful background for a selfie.
Many Big-name artists have embraced the medium. Cindy Sherman, who invented the selfie genre even before smartphones even existed has 261k followers. Ai Weiwei has 518k followers, Martin Creed, 1.2k
and Jeff Koons has 341k followers. When Banksy (6.2m followers) automatically shredded his image in the frame after the auction he announced this first on Instagram. They all do not just show on Instagram, they play with the self-presentation and their works.
And sometimes Instagram art makes it back into the physical space. Controversially Richard Prince blew up screenshots of other people’s Instagrams and showed them under the title “New Portraits” at  Frieze Art Fair New York in 2015.
Here are some examples of different kind of accounts I have talked about.   
Ai Weiwei does not show his work on Instagram, but migrants on the Greek island of Lesbos or a video of the destruction of his Beijing studio.
Martin Creed has very short videos and funny images of himself on his personal account and sometimes of his work too.
Cindy Sherman has been using Instagram to show images, unlike anything she has created in her long and successful career so far.
After Petra Collins Instagram account was removed when she posted an unwaxed in a bikini selfie she wrote an essay, speaking out against misogyny.
Kliu Wong account consists of colorful paintings, illustrations, zines, murals dolls and items of clothing.
Anabel Venegas and Tina Maria Elena Bak show their erotic watercolors and drawings and sell directly via DM or webshop.
Jordan Watson aka. Love Watts shows a mixture of art in all its forms.
Martin Skauen Martymixx on Instagram makes cartoons and animations.
What images want challenges the presentation and perception of art, creating an immersive experience beyond the exhibition.
no.projekt might not be a project but is an intriguing account that can be seen as an artwork in itself.
Witte Wartena shows mainly his newest work with occasional making of videos and photos and sometimes his reference material.
Daniel Rueda + Anna Devís interact with art and architecture in beautiful and funny ways.
Stefan Draschan photographs people in museums looking at art that mimic the work in some way or another.
Frida Orupabo showed a nine-channel installation at the Venice Biennale based on her Instagramming. Probably the first Instagram work was shown at such an important art Exhibition.

Art Basel 2019

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Gemini 
Booth E5
Works by Daniel Buren, Julie  Mehretu and Richard Serra
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Galerie Michael Haas
Booth F4

Works by Paula Modersohn Becker, Jean Fautrier, Pablo Picasso, Anselm Kiefer, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Eva Aeppli Antonita Pies, and Jean Miro

Screenshot 2019-06-13 at 11.28.48.pngStephen Friedman gallery

Booth K4

Works by Mamma Andersson, Melvin Edwards, Andreas Eriksson, Denzil Forrester, Tom Friedman, Wayne Gonzales, Jim Hodges, Deborah Roberts, Yinka Shonibare, Jiro Takamatsu, Kehinde Wiley, and Luiz Zerbini.

Screenshot 2019-06-13 at 11.48.41P.P.O.W. gallery
Booth D7

Work by Betty Tompkins, Carolee Schneemann, David Wojnarowicz, and Robin F. Williams

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Andrea Bowers Open Secret (2018)
Kaufmann Repetto, Andrew Kreps, and Susanne Vielmetter
Unlimited U62

Writer and marketing Helen Donahue tweeted that Bowers did not have permission to use her photo in this installation. The work includes details about recent accusations of sexual harassment and assaults recording the evolution of #MeToo and Time’s Up.

Bowers replaced Donahue’s photos with one focused on David Blaine. In a statement, Bowers said, “I, Andrea Bowers would like to apologize to the survivor whose image was included in my piece. I should have asked for her consent. She has asked that the panel including her photo be removed and I have honored the request. I have reached out privately and am very much looking forward to listening.”

Venice Biennale 2019

Although the main exhibition “May You Live in Interesting Times”, curated by London’s Hayward Galleries Ralph Rugoff, at the Arsenale was very disappointing. It was just a selection of works trying to make a big impact with no apparent connection to each other.

However, there was plenty of good work on show at some of the other locations and pavilions.

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Belgian Pavilion
Installation “Mondo Cane” by Jos de Gruyter and Harald Thys.

The show takes its title from the 1962 Italian documentary Mondo Cane (Tales of the Bizarre: Rites, Rituals and Superstitions). It explores a dysfunctional male, pale and stale society under attack by retarded individuals, religious fanatics, beggars, and fools.

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Estonian Pavilion
Installation by Kris Lemsalu

Lemsalu invited a team of her friends, writers, artists, and curators to work together with her on this project to create something more meaningful than anyone could do alone. The weird haunting sculptures are totems of the collective workings of Lemsalu, Sarah Lucas curator Irene Campolmi the writer Andrew Berardini, and others.

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Ghana Pavillion at the Arsenale
Paintings by Lynette Yiadom-Boakye.

Ghana who has a pavilion at Venice for the very first time. It features films by John Akomfrah, paintings by Lynette Yiadom-Boakye and black-and-white portraits by, Ghana’s first professional female photographer Felicia Abban from the 1960s.

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Icelandic Pavilion
Chromo Sapiens – Hrafnhildur Arnardóttir / Shoplifter.

The work consists of sculptures, wall murals, and site-specific installations made of both synthetic and natural hair. It explores themes of vanity, self-image, fashion, beauty, and popular myth.

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Lithuanian Pavillion
Sun & Sea (Marina) by Rugilė Barzdžiukaitė, Vaiva Grainytė and Lina Lapelytė.

Winner of the Golden Lion for Best National Contribution. The performance is described as a beech opera about climate change. Visitors view the scene from a mezzanine as if floating in a drone. Down there is a whole beach piled with people meet on a beach vacation singing arias with ironic lyrics.

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Slovenian Pavilion
Here we go again… SYSTEM 317 by Marko Peljhan.

The works on show are from the Resolution series which have evolved over 20 years into a process involving mapping of “signal territories”. The work analyses the role of technology in society and the potentials of technology in art to confront the systems of governance.

Two artists that did speak to me at the main show where:

Screenshot 2019-05-12 at 10.54.41.pngJill Mulleady, The Fights was Fixed

Naive figurative paintings full of references to other artworks.

and

Ian Cheng.jpgLife After BOB: First Tract Installation by Ian Cheng

Comic based work that tells a fantastical and fascinating story.

 

Artists who work in different disciplines

Some creative creators work simultaneously in completely two or more different art forms.

The list of musicians, who went to art school is long. It includes John Lennon, Joni Mitchell, Cat Stevens, Ronnie Wood, Syd Barrett, Keith Richards, David Byrne, Kanye West, Pete Townsend, Jimmy Page, Eric Clapton, Chuck D, Lady Gaga and Tony Bennett. Other musicians, like Bob Dylan, Patti Smith, Paul McCarthy, and David Bowie, also worked as visual artists but were self-taught. Rapper Tupac studied acting, poetry, jazz, and ballet at the Baltimore School of The Arts.

Other multitalented musicians are; Nick Cave who writes screenplays and novels, Amanda Palmer also an author and performance artist and Yoko Ono is a multimedia artist as well as a singer/songwriter.

yoko-ono-1.jpgYoko Ono

There are likewise many actors who work in other practices.
Dennis Hopper was a director, writer, editor, photographer, and fine artist. Jemima Kirke from the HBO’s series “Girls” is also a really talented painter. Juliette Binoche works as, dancer, poet, and painter too. Antonio Banderas composes music and writes poetry.  He is currently studying at Central Saint Martins in London to study menswear fashion. James Franco works across media including painting, drawing, film, sculpture, installation, and photography. He has a Ph.D. in English from Yale and a master’s degree from Tisch School of the Arts.

celebrities_dual_talents_1806904_dd.jpgJemima Kirke

Film directors including James Cameron, Terry Gilliam, Ridley Scott, Peter Greenaway also make art. David Lynch studied painting at college, beginning his studies at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in 1964 and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts

Artists who have made the switch to directing include Sam Taylor Wood, Tracey Emin, Steve McQueen, Damien Hirst, Julian Schnabel, Wolfgang Tillmans, and Douglas Gordon. Gordon also developed a stage work for the theatre.

Screenshot 2019-03-30 at 12.15.17.pngSteve McQueen

Can achievement in one field be enough to be accepted in another?

Edmund de Waal is very successful with his porcelain installations. He is represented by Gagosian gallery. However, he became better-known to a wider audience as a writer with his books ‘The Hare with Amber Eyes’ and ‘The White Road’.

a-place-made-fast-2-2_SF-edit.jpgEdmund de Waal

Maybe all creative people are multitalented and should not have to do just one thing. However, by doing multiple things at once one can risk not finding satisfaction or never mastering anything. Some might want to target all their energy on one goal, channeling the numerous talents to the primary pursuit. On the other hand, spending a bit of time learning about and practicing a different art form can free you up artistically. Try not to stress about being great, just focus on finding release.

Laurie Anderson initially trained as a sculptor is an experimental performance artist, director, writer, actress, composer, and musician. She plays the violin and keyboards and sings.

She says: “if you want to be pinned down as one thing or another. It’s hard to create an image that is so concrete and stable.” 

CaptureLaurie Anderson

Or as Composer Richard Wagner said; “Whatever my passions demand of me, I become for the time being – musician, poet, director, author, lecturer or anything else.”